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How to distinguish between rock wool and slag wool?

Apr 23,2021 | Blog

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As one of the cleanroom panel core materials, rock wool is widely used in clean engineering fields such as electronics, pharmacy, food, biology, aerospace, precision instrument manufacturing and scientific research that require harsh indoor environments. Due to the special properties of rock wool, it has Class A fire resistance, non-combustibility, density ≥120Kg/rn, non-absorption, and high water-repellent rate, which is highly praised by customers.

However, in the market, some unscrupulous merchants use slag wool instead of rock wool, which will greatly reduce the strength and flexural bearing capacity of the clean board. At the same time, in the use environment, the board surface bulge problem due to temperature and humidity will be seriously affected. The quality of product production will cause economic losses to the enterprise. As the largest manufacturer of clean sheets in China, Wiskind will share with you how to distinguish between rock wool and slag wool?

The similarities between rock wool and slag wool:

1.All belong to mineral wool, using natural rock, or slag and other raw materials through a high-temperature furnace, and forming a non-polar fibrous product under the action of centrifugal force and wind.

2. The main components are silicon dioxide, aluminum oxide, calcium oxide, magnesium oxide and a small amount of iron oxide.

The difference between rock wool and slag wool:

Traditionally, the product produced with slag as the main raw material is mineral wool, and the product produced with natural stones such as basalt and diabase as the main raw material is called rock wool.

From a professional point of view, the acidity coefficient is generally used as the main indicator to distinguish between rock wool and slag wool. The acidity coefficient refers to the ratio of the sum of acidic oxides to the sum of alkaline oxides in the product, namely: acid-base coefficient MK=(silica + aluminum oxide)/(calcium oxide + magnesium oxide) acidity coefficient ≥ 1.6 It is rock wool, and the acidity coefficient <1.6 is slag wool. Generally speaking, the greater the acidity coefficient, the better the chemical durability of rock wool and slag wool. Rock wool has a high acidity coefficient, and its chemical stability and high temperature resistance are better than slag wool.

Main raw materials: natural ores such as rock wool basalt, diabase, gabbro, dolomite, limestone, etc., which are generally melted in cupolas with coke as fuel; slag wool blast furnace slag, steelmaking slag, titanium alloy slag, non-ferrous smelting slag, Iron slag, fly ash, cyclone slag, etc. are generally melted in cupolas using coke as fuel.

Appearance color: rock wool gray-green, mainly due to the strong dyeing of iron oxide (Fe2O3). The color of slag wool is white or off-white.

PH value: The PH value of rock wool is generally <4. The PH value of slag wool is generally> 5, even> 6.

Water resistance: rock wool has good water resistance; slag wool is poor in water resistance and should not be used in humid environments. Heat resistance: The use temperature of rock wool can be as high as 800℃, and the softening temperature can be as high as 900-1000℃. Slag wool is easy to pulverize and disintegrate at 675℃. The use temperature of slag wool should not exceed 675℃.

Corrosion resistance: Rock wool generally uses basalt or diabase as raw materials, and there is no more sulfur source in addition to the trace sulfur carried by coke during smelting, so it has no corrosive effect on metals; the main raw material of slag wool is slag production Yes, the sulfur content is about 5%, and it will have a corrosive effect on contact with metal when used in a humid environment.

Thermal conductivity: The thermal conductivity of rock wool is 0.037—0.039W/mk. The thermal conductivity of slag wool is slightly higher.

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